Browning Light Machine Gun - .30 Cal.
The M1919 is an air-cooled version of the standard U.S. machine gun of World War I, the Browning M1917, as designed by John M. Browning. The weapon fired the .30-06 M1 or M2 rifle cartridge from woven cloth or metalic link belts feeding from from left to right.
Loading was accomplished by opening the top cover, lifting the extractor, inserting the new belt of ammunition into the gun's feed tray, then lowering the extractor over the first round in the belt. As an infantry weapon, it was operated by 2 soldiers: the gunner, who carried the tripod and ammunition; and the assistant gunner, who carried the weapon, spare parts, and sometimes more ammunition and when in action, fed the ammunition belts into the gun to ensure smooth entry of each round in the belt, decreasing the chance of the weapon jamming.
The M1919 weighed approximately 31 pounds. Its version varied from use with a tripod or a bipod with a shoulder peice for infantry use, or a fixed mount widely used on such vehicles as: jeeps, tanks, and ships.
The A5 was an adaptation of the A4 with a forward mounting point to allow it to be mounted in tanks and armored cars. This, along with the Browning M2 .50 cal. machine gun, was the most common secondary armament during WWII for the Allies.
The M1919 was manufactured during WWII by many different companies in the U.S. including General Motors and Rock Island Arsenal.